Other Conditions & Exposures

Expert reports about Other Conditions & Exposures


INFORMATION FOR WOMEN WHO ARE THINKING OF USING, ARE USING, OR HAVE USED LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE (LSD) DURING PREGNANCY OR BREASTFEEDING

 

What is Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD)?

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD or LSD-25) is a hallucinogenic (psychedelic) drug, meaning that it alters signals between neurons in the brain to the point of causing hallucinations, apparent perceptions of sensations that do not exist, or perceptions that are extremely altered from what the actual sensation should produce. Often, the hallucinations are visual, in contrast with auditory hallucinations that are typical of psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia. LSD also can cause delusions, which are false or overtly unrealistic beliefs. Along with mind-altering effects, LSD also has physical effects, such as elevating blood pressure, increasing the heart rate, and dilating pupils.

LSD was the subject of studies in the middle of the 20th century looking into its potential to treat certain psychiatric conditions. Limited studies have suggested that LSD may be effective as a treatment against a type of severe headache called a cluster headache, also known as a suicide headache. However, LSD is a schedule I drug in the United States, class A in the United Kingdom, meaning that it is not legal to sell, or to possess, nor can physicians prescribe it. Furthermore, LSD usually is used mostly for its hallucinogenic effects.. It is sold as a liquid that typically is dried into small squares of paper or gelatin that are placed in the mouth. LSD has numerous street names, including acid, dots, blotter, and yellow sunshine.


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