Other Conditions & Exposures

Expert reports about Other Conditions & Exposures


INFORMATION FOR WOMEN WHO USE INSECT REPELLENT  DURING PREGNANCY OR BREASTFEEDING

 

What is insect repellent?

Insect repellent is a mixture of chemical compounds that includes at least one compound that repels insects, or discourages insects from approaching. Such agents constitute an important component of preventive measures against insect-borne diseases (diseases caused by infective agents that are delivered to humans by insects). Such diseases include malaria, caused by a parasite that is carried by female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles. They also include several diseases caused by viruses that are carried by mosquitos of a different genus, called Aedes, especially the species the Aedes aegypti. Such viral diseases include Dengue, Chikungunya, Yellow Fever, and Zika, the latter which is known to cause severe birth defects in babies of infected mothers. Insect repelling active ingredients that are used in repellents that you may apply to your skin or clothing include N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET), Icaridin (Picaridin, KBR 3023), certain essential or citrus oils, permethrin, IR3535 (Ethyl butylacetylaminopropionate), and 2-undecanone. In addition to repelling insects, DEET, picaridin, and IR3535 also are effective against ticks, which cause another serious condition called Lyme Disease.


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