Other Conditions & Exposures

Expert reports about Other Conditions & Exposures


INFORMATION FOR WOMEN WHO HAVE GOUT DURING PREGNANCY OR BREASTFEEDING

 

What is gout?

Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis with painful swelling of the joints. In the case of gout, the swelling is most common in the extremities, the big toe being an especially common location. The condition comes from the presence of uric acid crystals, which are made during the normal metabolism of chemicals called purines. Uric acid crystals can accumulate to abnormally high levels due to problems excreting them from the body, or from having an excess of purines in the diet. Different people are more or less prone to gout based on their genetics. Gout can be chronic (present for many years with occasional flare-ups), in which case it usually shows up as painful nodules under yellowish areas of skin. Gout also can be acute, in which the person experiences sudden attacks of severe pain and swelling at the affected joints.


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