Other Conditions & Exposures

Expert reports about Other Conditions & Exposures


INFORMATION FOR WOMEN WHO ARE THINKING OF USING, ARE USING, OR HAVE USED COCAINE DURING PREGNANCY OR BREASTFEEDING

 

What is cocaine?

Cocaine is a drug that is derived from coca leaves. It has some uses as a local anesthetic in some areas of medicine and surgery, but mostly it is used illegally, because it has a stimulant effect on the brain. It also has stimulant effects outside the brain, for instance increasing heart rate, blood pressure, and the power of the heart’s contraction. Cocaine is extremely addictive and people take it into the body through different routes, including oral, intranasal (snorting), intravenous (injecting into a vein with a needle), and inhalation of cocaine vapor (smoking). Among cocaine users, use of the drug varies from occasional to frequent, and one or more routes of delivery.


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